STMicroelectronics Reports Q3 2018 Financial Results

By | October 24, 2018

Geneva, October 24, 2018 – STMicroelectronics (NYSE: STM), a global semiconductor leader serving customers across the spectrum of electronics applications, reported U.S. GAAP financial results for the third quarter ended September 29, 2018. This press release also contains non-U.S. GAAP measures (see Appendix for additional information).

ST reported third quarter net revenues of $2.52 billion, gross margin of 39.8%, operating margin of 15.8%, and net income of $369 million or $0.41 diluted earnings per share.

Jean-Marc Chery, STMicroelectronics President & CEO, made the following comments:

 “ST had another quarter of solid performance, with sequential revenue growth of 11.2%, above our 10% midpoint outlook, and operating margin expansion to 15.8%.

  • “Revenue increased 18.1% year-over-year driven by strong growth in Imaging, Power Discrete and Automotive products.
  • “Operating income and net income were up sharply year-over-year and sequentially.
  • “ST’s fourth quarter outlook is for revenues to grow sequentially about 5.7% at the mid-point, translating into year-over-year revenue growth above 8%; gross margin is expected to be about 39.8%.
  • “Based on our fourth quarter guidance, we anticipate 2018 revenues to grow about 16% year-over-year, in line with our expectations shared in May at our Capital Markets Day. This level of revenue growth will also drive strong improvements in operating margin and net earnings.”

 

Financial Summary (U.S. GAAP)(1)

 

(US$ in millions except earnings per share)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2017

Y/Y

Q/Q

Net Revenues

$2,522

$2,269

$2,136

18.1%

11.2%

Gross Margin

39.8%

40.2%

39.6%

20 bps

(40) bps

Operating Income

$398

$289

$281

41.8%

37.8%

Operating Margin

15.8%

12.7%

13.1%

270 bps

310 bps

Net Income

$369

$261

$236

56.7%

41.4%

Diluted Earnings Per Share

$0.41

$0.29

$0.26

57.7%

41.4%

 

 (1) Certain amounts in the prior periods have been adjusted to reflect the January 1, 2018 adoption of ASU 2017-07 related to the reclassification of certain pension costs.

Third Quarter 2018 Summary Review

 

Effective January 1, 2018, the Subsystems business unit was transferred from Others to Analog, MEMS and Sensors Group (AMS). Prior periods have been restated accordingly.

 

Net Revenues By Product Group

(in US$ millions)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2017

Y/Y

Q/Q

Automotive and Discrete Group (ADG)

$901

$870

$775

16.3%

3.6%

Analog, MEMS and Sensors Group (AMS)

899

613

657

36.7

46.6

Microcontrollers and Digital ICs Group (MDG)

719

782

701

2.5

(8.1)

Others

3

4

3

9.4

(2.8)

Total Net Revenues

$2,522

$2,269

$2,136

18.1%

11.2%

 

Net revenues increased 11.2% sequentially, 120 basis points better than the mid-point of the Company’s guidance. On a year-over-year basis, third quarter net revenues increased 18.1% with all product groups delivering revenue growth. Year-over-year sales to OEMs and Distribution were up 21.6% and 11.2%, respectively.

Gross profit totaled $1.0 billion, representing a year-over-year increase of 18.6%. Gross margin was 39.8%, 20 basis points lower than the mid-point of the Company’s guidance mainly due to product group mix. Gross margin increased 20 basis points year-over-year, largely driven by a favorable mix shift toward higher value products and improved manufacturing efficiency.

Operating income was $398 million, compared to $281 million in the year-ago quarter, with all product groups growing revenues and with ADG and AMS delivering improved profitability. The Company’s operating margin increased 270 basis points on a year-over-year basis to 15.8% of net revenues, compared to 13.1% in the 2017 third quarter.

By product group, compared with the year-ago quarter:

Automotive and Discrete Group (ADG)

  • Revenue grew double-digits, in both Automotive and Power Discrete.
  • Operating profit increased by 36.2% to $116 million, mainly due to higher revenue and associated gross profit. Operating margin increased to 12.8% from 10.9%.

 Analog, MEMS and Sensors Group (AMS):

  • Revenue grew triple-digits in Imaging and was supported by growth in both Analog and MEMS.
  • Operating profit increased by 82.4% to $157 million, mainly due to higher revenue and associated gross profit. Operating margin increased to 17.5% from 13.1%.

 Microcontrollers and Digital ICs Group (MDG):

  • Revenue grew in Digital ICs while Microcontrollers / Memories were stable.
  • Operating profit decreased by 5.4% to $119 million mainly due to less favorable mix between Microcontrollers and other products. Operating margin decreased to 16.6% from 18.0%.

Net income and diluted earnings per share increased to $369 million and $0.41, respectively, compared to $236 million and $0.26, respectively, in the year-ago quarter.

Cash Flow and Balance Sheet Highlights(1)

 

 

 

 

 

Trailing 12 Months

US$ in millions

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2017

Q3 2018

Q3 2017

TTM Change

Net cash from operating activities

$373

$360

$433

$1,775

$1,469

18.4%

Free cash flow (non-U.S. GAAP)

$114

$(40)

$50

$314

$299

(4.6)%

 (1)  Q3 2017 amounts have been adjusted to reflect the impact of new 2018 accounting guidance, which requires, on comparative periods, the reclassification as operating cash flows of the implied interest paid in the settlement of our convertible bonds.

 Capital expenditure payments, net of proceeds from sales, were $242 million in the third quarter and $983 million for the year-to-date period. In the year-ago quarter, capital expenditures were $365 million.

 Inventory at the end of the quarter was $1.59 billion, up from $1.56 billion in the prior quarter. Day sales of inventory at quarter-end was 95 days, down from 103 days in the prior quarter.

 Free cash flow (non-U.S. GAAP) was $114 million in the third quarter and $170 million in the year-to-date period.

 The Company paid cash dividends totaling $54 million in the third quarter and $162 million year-to-date.

 ST’s net financial position (non-U.S. GAAP) was $447 million at September 29, 2018 compared to $411 million at June 30, 2018 and reflected total financial resources of $2.17 billion and total financial debt of $1.72 billion.

 

Business Outlook

The Company’s guidance for the 2018 fourth quarter is:

  • Net revenues are expected to increase about 5.7% sequentially, plus or minus 350 basis points;
  • Gross margin of about 39.8%, plus or minus 200 basis points;
  • This outlook is based on an assumed effective currency exchange rate of approximately $1.18 = €1.00 for the 2018 fourth quarter and includes the impact of existing hedging contracts.
  • The fourth quarter will close on December 31, 2018.

 

Conference Call and Webcast Information

STMicroelectronics will conduct a conference call with analysts, investors and media to discuss its third quarter 2018 financial results and current business outlook today at 9:30 a.m. Central European Time (CET) / 3:30 a.m. U.S. Eastern Time (ET). A live webcast (listen-only mode) of the conference call will be accessible at ST’s website, http://investors.st.com, and will be available for replay until November 9, 2018.

Use of Supplemental Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Information

This press release contains supplemental non-U.S. GAAP financial information.

Readers are cautioned that these measures are unaudited and not prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and should not be considered as a substitute for U.S. GAAP financial measures. In addition, such non-U.S. GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled information from other companies.

See the Appendix of this press release for a reconciliation of the Company’s non-U.S. GAAP financial measures to their corresponding U.S. GAAP financial measures. To compensate for these limitations, the supplemental non-U.S. GAAP financial information should not be read in isolation, but only in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Forward-looking Information

 Some of the statements contained in this release that are not historical facts are statements of future expectations and other forward-looking statements (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended) that are based on management’s current views and assumptions, and are conditioned upon and also involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, performance, or events to differ materially from those anticipated by such statements, due to, among other factors:

  • Uncertain macro-economic and industry trends, which may impact end-market demand for our products;
  • Customer demand that differs from projections;
  • The ability to design, manufacture and sell innovative products in a rapidly changing technological environment;
  • Changes in economic, social, labor, political, or infrastructure conditions in the locations where we, our customers, or our suppliers operate, including as a result of macro-economic or regional events, military conflicts, social unrest, labor actions, or terrorist activities;
  • Changes in global trade policies, including the adoption and expansion of tariffs and trade barriers, that could affect the macro-economic environment and adversely impact the demand for our products;
  • The Brexit vote and the perceptions as to the impact of the withdrawal of the U.K. may adversely affect business activity, political stability and economic conditions in the U.K., the Eurozone, the EU and elsewhere. While we do not have material operations in the U.K. and have not experienced any material impact from Brexit on our underlying business to date, we cannot predict its future implications;
  • Financial difficulties with any of our major distributors or significant curtailment of purchases by key customers;
  • The loading, product mix, and manufacturing performance of our production facilities;
  • The functionalities and performance of our IT systems, which support our critical operational activities including manufacturing, finance and sales, and any breaches of our IT systems or those of our customers or suppliers;
  • Variations in the foreign exchange markets and, more particularly, the U.S. dollar exchange rate as compared to the Euro and the other major currencies we use for our operations;
  • The impact of intellectual property (“IP”) claims by our competitors or other third parties, and our ability to obtain required licenses on reasonable terms and conditions;
  • Changes in our overall tax position as a result of changes in tax rules, new or revised legislation, the outcome of tax audits or changes in international tax treaties which may impact our results of operations as well as our ability to accurately estimate tax credits, benefits, deductions and provisions and to realize deferred tax assets;
  • The outcome of ongoing litigation as well as the impact of any new litigation to which we may become a defendant;
  • Product liability or warranty claims, claims based on epidemic or delivery failure, or other claims relating to our products,  or recalls by our customers for products containing our parts;
  • Natural events such as severe weather, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcano eruptions or other acts of nature, health risks and epidemics in locations where we, our customers or our suppliers operate;
  • Availability and costs of raw materials, utilities, third-party manufacturing services and technology, or other supplies required by our operations;
  • Industry changes resulting from vertical and horizontal consolidation among our suppliers, competitors, and customers;
  • The ability to successfully ramp up new programs that could be impacted by factors beyond our control, including the availability of critical third party components and performance of subcontractors in line with our expectations; and
  • Theft, loss, or misuse of personal data about our employees, customers, or other third parties, and breaches of global privacy legislation, including the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”).

 Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, which may cause actual results and performance of our business to differ materially and adversely from the forward-looking statements. Certain forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward looking terminology, such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “are expected to,” “should,” “would be,” “seeks” or “anticipates” or similar expressions or the negative thereof or other variations thereof or comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions.

 Some of these risk factors are set forth and are discussed in more detail in “Item 3. Key Information – Risk Factors” included in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the SEC on March 1, 2018. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those described in this release as anticipated, believed, or expected. We do not intend, and do not assume any obligation, to update any industry information or forward-looking statements set forth in this release to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

 

About STMicroelectronics

 ST is a global semiconductor leader delivering intelligent and energy-efficient products and solutions that power the electronics at the heart of everyday life. ST’s products are found everywhere today, and together with our customers, we are enabling smarter driving and smarter factories, cities and homes, along with the next generation of mobile and Internet of Things devices.

By getting more from technology to get more from life, ST stands for life.augmented.

In 2017, the Company’s net revenues were $8.35 billion, serving more than 100,000 customers worldwide.

Further information can be found at www.st.com.

For further information, please contact:

 

INVESTOR RELATIONS:

Tait Sorensen                                        
Group VP, Investor Relations
STMicroelectronics
Tel: +1 602 485 2064
[email protected]

 

MEDIA RELATIONS:

Alexis Breton                                         
Director, PR & Media Operations

STMicroelectronics
Tel: + 33 6 59 16 79 08
[email protected]

 

STMicroelectronics N.V.

 

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

 

 

(in millions of U.S. dollars, except per share data ($))

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

September 29,

September 30,

 

2018

2017

 

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Net sales

  2,515

  2,123

Other revenues

  7

  13

NET REVENUES

  2,522

  2,136

Cost of sales

  (1,519)

  (1,290)

GROSS PROFIT

  1,003

  846

Selling, general and administrative

  (268)

  (244)

Research and development

  (348)

  (312)

Other income and expenses, net

  11

  5

Impairment, restructuring charges and other related closure costs

   –

  (14)

Total operating expenses

  (605)

  (565)

OPERATING INCOME

  398

  281

Interest expense, net

  (2)

  (7)

Other components of pension benefit costs

  (3)

  (3)

Income (loss) on equity-method investments

  2

  –

Loss on financial instruments, net

  –

  (5)

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

  395

  266

Income tax expense

  (24)

  (28)

NET INCOME

  371

  238

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

  (2)

  (2)

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO PARENT COMPANY

  369

  236

 

 

 

EARNINGS PER SHARE (BASIC) ATTRIBUTABLE TO PARENT COMPANY STOCKHOLDERS

  0.41

  0.27

EARNINGS PER SHARE (DILUTED) ATTRIBUTABLE TO PARENT COMPANY STOCKHOLDERS

  0.41

  0.26

 

 

 

NUMBER OF WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES USED IN CALCULATING DILUTED EPS

908.0

901.0

 

STMicroelectronics N.V.

 

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

 

 

(in millions of U.S. dollars, except per share data ($))

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine months ended

 

September 29,

September 30,

 

2018

2017

 

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Net sales

  6,978

  5,851

Other revenues

  38

  29

NET REVENUES

  7,016

  5,880

Cost of sales

  (4,214)

  (3,611)

GROSS PROFIT

  2,802

  2,269

Selling, general and administrative

  (810)

  (717)

Research and development

  (1,054)

  (970)

Other income and expenses, net

  38

  37

Impairment, restructuring charges and other related closure costs

  (20)

  (25)

Total operating expenses

  (1,846)

  (1,675)

OPERATING INCOME

  956

  594

Interest expense, net

  (8)

  (16)

Other components of pension benefit costs

  (9)

  (9)

Income (loss) on equity-method investments

  3

  (2)

Loss on financial instruments, net

  –

  (5)

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

  942

  562

Income tax expense

  (68)

  (63)

NET INCOME

  874

  499

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

  (5)

  (5)

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO PARENT COMPANY

  869

  494

 

 

 

EARNINGS PER SHARE (BASIC) ATTRIBUTABLE TO PARENT COMPANY STOCKHOLDERS

  0.97

  0.56

EARNINGS PER SHARE (DILUTED) ATTRIBUTABLE TO PARENT COMPANY STOCKHOLDERS

  0.95

  0.55

 

 

 

NUMBER OF WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES USED IN CALCULATING DILUTED EPS

912.8

904.7

 

STMicroelectronics N.V.

 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

As at

September 29,

June 30,

December 31,

In millions of U.S. dollars

2018

2018

2017

 

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

(Audited)

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

1,835

1,683

1,759

Short-term deposits

8

15

– 

Marketable securities

328

429

431

Trade accounts receivable, net

1,309

1,106

1,149

Inventories

1,586

1,559

1,335

Other current assets

442

405

425

Total current assets

5,508

5,197

5,099

Goodwill

121

121

123

Other intangible assets, net

198

198

209

Property, plant and equipment, net

3,414

3,410

3,094

Non-current deferred tax assets

691

674

624

Long-term investments

60

58

57

Other non-current assets

421

391

475

 

4,905

4,852

4,582

Total assets

10,413

10,049

9,681

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Short-term debt

117

118

118

Trade accounts payable

976

991

893

Other payables and accrued liabilities

909

887

897

Dividends payable to stockholders

114

168

60

Accrued income tax

53

40

52

Total current liabilities

2,169

2,204

2,020

Long-term debt

1,607

1,598

1,583

Post-employment benefit obligations

375

374

385

Long-term deferred tax liabilities

13

11

11

Other long-term liabilities

197

208

215

 

2,192

2,191

2,194

Total liabilities

4,361

4,395

4,214

Commitment and contingencies

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Parent company stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

Common stock (preferred stock: 540,000,000 shares authorized, not issued;

common stock: Euro 1.04 nominal value, 1,200,000,000 shares authorized,

911,151,920 shares issued, 902,581,049 shares outstanding)

1,157

1,157

1,157

Capital surplus

2,798

2,766

2,718

Retained earnings

1,574

1,215

973

Accumulated other comprehensive income

534

538

688

Treasury stock

(79)

(89)

(132)

Total parent company stockholders’ equity

5,984

5,587

5,404

Noncontrolling interest

68

67

63

Total equity

6,052

5,654

5,467

Total liabilities and equity

10,413

10,049

9,681

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STMicroelectronics N.V.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SELECTED CASH FLOW DATA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flow Data (in US$ millions)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2017

 

 

 

 

Net Cash from operating activities

  373

  360

  433

Net Cash used in investing activities

  (152)

  (401)

  (482)

Net Cash from (used in) financing activities

  (68)

  (60)

  576

Net Cash increase (decrease)

  152

  (108)

  534

 

 

 

 

Selected Cash Flow Data (in US$ millions)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2017

 

 

 

 

Depreciation & amortization

  201

193

165

Net payment for Capital expenditures

  (242)

  (390)

  (365)

Dividends paid to stockholders

  (54)

  (54)

  (59)

Change in inventories, net

  (31)

  (157)

  (41)

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix

STMicroelectronics

Supplemental Financial Information

 

 

 

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q1 2018

Q4 2017

Q3 2017

Net Revenues By Market Channel (%)

 

 

 

 

 

Total OEM

68%

61%

63%

68%

66%

Distribution

32%

39%

37%

32%

34%

 

 

 

 

 

 

€/$ Effective Rate

1.18

1.19

1.18

1.15

1.13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product Group Data (a) (US$ Million)

 

 

 

 

 

Automotive & Discrete Group (ADG)

 

 

 

 

 

 – Net Revenues

$901

$870

$817

$821

$775

 – Operating Income

$116

$84

$90

$102

$85

Analog, MEMS & Sensors Group (AMS) (b)

 

 

 

 

 

 – Net Revenues

899

613

655

902

657

 – Operating Income

157

64

64

187

86

Microcontrollers & Digital ICs Group (MDG)

 

 

 

 

 

 – Net Revenues

719

782

750

740

701

 – Operating Income

119

159

146

146

126

Others (c)

 

 

 

 

 

 – Net Revenues

3

4

4

3

3

 – Operating Income (Loss)

6

(18)

(31)

(24)

(16)

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 – Net Revenues

$2,522

$2,269

$2,226

$2,466

$2,136

 – Operating Income

$398

$289

$269

$411

$281

 

(a)   Certain amounts in the prior periods have been adjusted to reflect the January 1, 2018 adoption of ASU 2017-07 related to the reclassification of certain pension costs.

(b)   Effective January 1, 2018, the Subsystems business unit was transferred from Others to Analog, MEMS and Sensors (AMS). Prior periods have been restated accordingly.

(c)   Net revenues of Others includes revenues from sales assembly services and other revenue. Operating income (loss) of Others includes items such as unused capacity charges, impairment, restructuring charges and other related closure costs, management reorganization costs, phase out and start-up costs, and other unallocated expenses such as: strategic or special research and development programs, certain corporate-level operating expenses, patent claims and litigations, and other costs that are not allocated to product groups, as well as operating earnings of other products. Others includes:

 

(US$ Million)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q1 2018

Q4 2017

Q3 2017

Unused Capacity Charges

1

1

1

Impairment & Restructuring Charges

21

20

14

 

(Appendix – continued)

STMicroelectronics

Supplemental Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Information

U. S. GAAP – Non-U.S. GAAP Reconciliation

 

The supplemental non-U.S. GAAP information presented in this press release is unaudited and subject to inherent limitations. Such non-U.S. GAAP information is not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles and should not be considered as a substitute for U.S. GAAP measurements. Also, our supplemental non-U.S. GAAP financial information may not be comparable to similarly titled non-U.S. GAAP measures used by other companies. Further, specific limitations for individual non-U.S. GAAP measures, and the reasons for presenting non-U.S. GAAP financial information, are set forth in the paragraphs below. To compensate for these limitations, the supplemental non-U.S. GAAP financial information should not be read in isolation, but only in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Operating income (loss) before impairment and restructuring charges and one-time items is used by management to help enhance an understanding of ongoing operations and to communicate the impact of the excluded items, such as impairment, restructuring charges and other related closure costs. Adjusted net earnings and earnings per share (EPS) are used by management to help enhance an understanding of ongoing operations and to communicate the impact of the excluded items like impairment, restructuring charges and other related closure costs attributable to ST and other one-time items, net of the relevant tax impact.

The Company believes that these non-U.S. GAAP financial measures provide useful information for investors and management because they measure the Company’s capacity to generate profits from its business operations, excluding the effect of acquisitions and expenses related to the rationalizing of its activities and sites that it does not consider to be part of its on-going operating results, thereby offering, when read in conjunction with the Company’s U.S. GAAP financials, (i) the ability to make more meaningful period-to-period comparisons of the Company’s on-going operating results, (ii) the ability to better identify trends in the Company’s business and perform related trend analysis, and (iii) an easier way to compare the Company’s results of operations against investor and analyst financial models and valuations, which usually exclude these items.

 

(US$ Million, except earnings per share in $)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q1 2018

Q4 2017

Q3 2017

U.S. GAAP Net Earnings

369

261

239

308

236

U.S. GAAP Earnings Per Share

0.41

0.29

0.26

0.34

0.26

Impairment & Restructuring

21

20

14

Estimated Income Tax Effect

(3)

(1)

(1)

Non-U.S. GAAP Net Earnings

369

261

257

327

249

Non-U.S. GAAP Earnings Per Share

0.41

0.29

0.28

0.36

0.28

 

(Appendix – continued)

Net financial position (non-U.S. GAAP measure): resources (debt), represents the balance between our total financial resources and our total financial debt. Our total financial resources include cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, short-term deposits and restricted cash, and our total financial debt includes short-term borrowings, current portion of long-term debt and long-term debt, all as reported in our consolidated balance sheet. We believe our net financial position provides useful information for investors and management because it gives evidence of our global position either in terms of net indebtedness or net cash position by measuring our capital resources based on cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities and the total level of our financial indebtedness.

 

 

(US$ Million)

Sep 29

2018

Jun 30

2018

Mar 31 2018

Dec 31 2017

Sep 30 2017

Cash and cash equivalents

1,835

1,683

1,791

1,759

2,188

Short term deposits

8

15

14

Marketable securities

328

429

429

431

433

Total financial resources

2,171

2,127

2,234

2,190

2,621

Short-term debt

(117)

(118)

(119)

(118)

(486)

Long-term debt

(1,607)

(1,598)

(1,593)

(1,583)

(1,689)

Total financial debt

(1,724)

(1,716)

(1,712)

(1,701)

(2,175)

Net financial position

447

411

522

489

446

 

 Free cash flow (non-U.S. GAAP measure) is defined as net cash from operating activities minus net cash from (used in) investing activities, excluding payment for purchases (proceeds from the sale of) marketable securities, short-term deposits and restricted cash. We believe free cash flow provides useful information for investors and management because it measures our capacity to generate cash from our operating and investing activities to sustain our operating activities. Free cash flow does not represent total cash flow since it does not include the cash flows generated by or used in financing activities. In addition, our definition of free cash flow may differ from definitions used by other companies.

  

(US$ Million)

Q3 2018

Q2 2018

Q1 2018

Q4 2017

Q3 2017(1)

Net cash from operating activities

373

360

455

587

433

Net cash used in investing activities

(152)

(401)

(374)

(442)

(482)

Payment for purchase and proceeds from sale of marketable securities, investment in short-term deposits, restricted cash

(107)

1

14

99

Free cash flow

114

(40)

95

145

50

(1)        Q3 2017 amounts have been adjusted to reflect the impact of new 2018 accounting guidance, which requires, on comparative periods,
 the reclassification as operating cash flows of the implied interest paid in the settlement of our convertible bonds.