Category Archives: Cards 101

How a Smart Card is Made – Part 4: Card Fulfillment

By | March 17, 2017

This is the last part of a four-parts essay on Smart Card Manufacturing:  Smart Card Module Production Card Body Production Card Personalization Card Fulfillment 4 – Card Fulfillment Card fulfillment is the very last process of the card manufacturing and can be done with a single modular machine or with a mix of manual and automated steps. Pack into… Read More »

How a Smart Card is Made – Part 3: Card Personalization

By | March 16, 2017

This is the Part three of a four-parts essay on Smart Card Manufacturing:  Smart Card Module Production Card Body Production Card Personalization Card Fulfillment (will be published on March 17, 2017) 3 – Card Personalization The Card Personalization, also referred as “Card Issuance” is the sequence of steps that make every smart card unique. During this process individual card holder… Read More »

How a Smart Card is Made – Part 2: Card Body Production

By | March 15, 2017

This is the Part two of a four-parts essay on Smart Card Manufacturing: Smart Card Module Production Card Body Production Card Personalization Card Fulfillment 2 – Card Body Production Customer Artwork The customer provide the card artwork (or a draft of it) to the card producer. Pre Press The Pre Press department check the customer artwork and optimize it… Read More »

How a Smart Card is Made – Part 1: Smart Card Module Production

By | March 14, 2017

This four-parts essay aims to provide students, people involved professionally in the Smart Card Industry, businesses interested to invest in a smart card production / personalization facility, startups and consumers, the basic information on the industrial smart card manufacturing process. There are many different processes and production technologies that are utilized to produce a smart card, here I am… Read More »

What is a Fingerprint Card

By | February 28, 2017

A Fingerprint Card is a smart card that embeds a fingerprint sensor and the most common implementation are standardized according the ISO/IEC 17839-1:2014 and the ISO/IEC 17839-2:2015 specifications defines two main types of cards: Type S1 – fully ISO/IEC 7810 compliant. Type S2 – card 2.5mm thick, no need to conform the ISO/IEC 7816-1 flexibility requirements, supports only ISO/IEC 14443… Read More »

How to outsmart fraudsters on data page hinge – More tips on secure passport design

By | February 27, 2017

Most authorities would agree that one of the main challenges they face is coming from sophisticated fraudsters seeking to tamper with legitimate passports. A variety of tools and techniques have been employed to address just this threat. However, criminals and other malicious forces remain as determined as they are ingenious. To ensure the integrity of passports, the design… Read More »

What is an ePassport

By | February 7, 2017

An ePassport, also known as Electronic Passport, Digital Passport, Biometric Passport, or e-passport is a paper-based passport that embeds a contactless smart card chip and an antenna. The front cover of United Kingdom ePassport The contactless smart card chip is connected to the antenna – made of multiple loops of thin copper wire – that is used for both… Read More »

What is a Smart Card

By | February 6, 2017

A smart card is a flexible Plastic Card, usually made of PVC, that contains one or more embedded integrated circuits. The integrated circuit in a smart card is often referred as ICC, Smart Card Chip, Smart Chip Modules or Secure Microcontroller (Secure MCU) while the smart cards are often also referred as smartcards, chip cards, IC cards, ICC… Read More »

What is a Plastic Card

By | February 1, 2017

A Plastic Card is a rectangular-shaped piece of plastic with rounded corners measuring 85,60mm by 53,98mm (3.375″ by 2.125″). The physical characteristics of a Plastic Cards are standardized and defined by the ISO/IEC 7810:2003 specifications. A standard Plastic Card have rounded corners with a radius of 2.88–3.48 mm and a thickness of 0,76mm (0.030 in). Plastic cards fully compliant with the… Read More »